Civilizations >
Name
Area / Date
Major Cities
Aztecs
South America, Mexico area, 1200-1300s,
Tenochtitlan, Texcoco and Tlacopan.
Egyptian
Middle East, Nile area, 2850–715 B.C.
Thebes, Memphis, Tanis
Etruscan
Mediterranean, Italy,
900–396 B.C.
 
Greek
Mediterranean, Greece, 900–200 B.C.
Athens, Sparta, Thebes,
Mycenae, Corinth
Incas
So. America, area of Peru, Chile & Ecuador, Pre-Columbian time,
Cusco
Minoan
Mediterranean, Crete, 3000–1100 B.C.
Knossos
Mayan
So. Americam Guatemala
area, 250 - 900 A.D.
Maya, Tikal, Palenque,
Copan, Mirador
Persian
Middle East, Irana, Syria, 559–330 B.C.,
Persepolis, Pasargadae
Phonecian
Middle East, Palestine, 1100–332 B.C.
Tyre, Sidon, Byblos
Roman

Southern Europe, Italy and Mediterranean area,
600 B.C - 300 AD

Rome, Byzantium
Sumerian
Middle East, Mesopotamia, 3200–2360 B.C.
Ur, Nippur
 
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